Dams in India

Dams in India
India got her independence in 1947. Since then, dams in India have been built across many perennial rivers. These dams are a part of the several multi-purpose projects launched by India to serve a variety of needs. In a multi-purpose project, a river forms a unit and a river valley is developed, by exploiting all the resources of the river.
Dams are built to harness the river water so that it can be utilised according to needs. A multipurpose project is launched often for storing water for irrigation purposes, generating hydro-electricity by utilising the water stored by the dams, preventing floods and facilitating afforestation in the catchment areas of the reservoirs. However, the dams also provide drinking water, using the canals for navigation in some areas and also facilitating pisciculture and recreational activities. The main multipurpose projects constituting the major Indian dams are the Hirakud Project in Orissa, the Bhakra Nangal in Punjab, the Damodar Valley Project in Bihar and Bengal, the Tungabhadra Project in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the Rihand Project in Uttar Pradesh.

At independence, in 1947, there were fewer than 300 large dams in India and by the year 2000 the number had grown to over 4000, more than half of them built between 1971 and 1989. India is declared to be the third in the world in dam building, after US and China. While some of the Indian dams were built primarily for flood control, water supply, and hydroelectric power generation, the primary purpose of most Indian dams (96 percent) remains irrigation. In fact, large dam construction in India has been the main form of investment in irrigation undertaken by the Indian government. But, starting in the 1980s, public investment in large dams in India has been the subject of a sustained controversy that was epitomized by the Sardar Sarovar Project, based on the balance between the social, environmental, and economic costs of dams and their benefits.

Post independence we have made lots of progress in Dam and Water Reservoirs in India. Dams is basically used for Power generation, Water supply, Stabilize water flow / irrigation, Flood prevention, Land reclamation, Water diversion, Recreation and aquatic beauty. India is very rich is Dam and India is having some of the largest Dams and Reservoirs.  Tourist Spot near Dams is very much popular and good sources for attracting tourists
There are all the states in India where dams have been established but Karnataka is very rich in having most of dams and Reservoirs.  Dams in Karnataka is very popular serving the purpose of people of Karnataka and Bangalore. Karnataka is much enriched in terms Dams in South India.

There is List of dams in Karnataka

  1. Almatti Dam
  2. Gajanur Dam
  3. Gundal Reservoir
  4. Harangi Dam
  5. Hidkal Dam
  6. Kadra Dam
  7. Kanakanala Dam
  8. Kanva reservoir
  9. Kodasalli Dam
  10. Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
  11. Lakkavalli Dam
  12. Linganamakki Dam
  13. Marconahally Dam
  14. Mari Kanive Dam
  15. Narihalla Dam
  16. Nugu Reservoir
  17. Sathanur Dam
  18. Supa Dam
  19. Suvarnavathi Reservoir
  20. Thippagondanahalli Reservoir
  21. Tunga Anicut Dam
  22. Tungabhadra Dam
  23. Vani Vilas Sagar Reservoir

Foundation of Dams in Karnataka
It was Shastri who laid the foundation stone for the Upper Krishna Project, of which the Alamatti dam is a part, in 1964.
The noted columnist Kuldip Nayyar, who delivered a lecture on Shastri’s life and contribution to the nation, said the former Prime Minister had tried to resolve the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan by peaceful means.
In August 1965 heavy fighting broke out between the two countries, and a ceasefire was agreed upon in September 1965. Shastri and the then Pakistani President Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent agreement in the presence of the then Prime Minister of the erstwhile USSR, Alexei Kosygin, in January 1966, a few hours before Shastri’s death. Shastri also accepted a unilateral ceasefire with China in 1962 and protected the country’s borders, Mr. Nayyar said.
The life of the second Prime Minister of the country was the absorbing saga of a little man, who, while suffering the rigours of poverty in early life, reached political eminence through the strength of his character.
When Shastri died, he left behind no wealth or property; instead he left an example, which is morally inspiring in an age riddled with political corruption, the columnist said.
It was Shastri who for the first time conceived the idea of an ombudsman to eradicate corruption in public life, he said.
Shastri gave priority to boosting foodgrain production and generation of employment to tackle hunger and poverty. Although Shastri’s tenure as Prime Minister lasted only 13 months (June 9, 1964 to January 11, 1966), it was a period of high drama during which several social and political issues of national importance and international interest, including a major war against Pakistan, came up, Mr. Nayyar said.
Shastri resigned as Minister for Railways in 1956 holding himself responsible for a railway accident in Tamil Nadu (Ariyalur) in which many lives were lost. The unprecedented gesture was greatly appreciated by Parliament and the country, he said.
The then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, speaking in Parliament on the incident, extolled Shastri’s integrity and high ideals. He said he was accepting the resignation because it would set an example in constitutional propriety and not because Shastri was in any way responsible for what had happened.
In between his ministerial assignments, he demonstrated organising abilities and figured in the Congress victories in the first three general elections, Mr. Nayyar said.

Man of integrity 
After more than 30 years of dedicated service, he came to be known as a man of great integrity and competence. Humble, tolerant, with great inner strength and resoluteness, he was a man of the people who understood their language.
Shastri was deeply influenced by the political teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. His slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” is popular even today, he said.
The Ministers M. Mallikarjun Kharge and R.V. Deshpande; the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Krishna; the former Chief Minister M. Veerappa Moily; Anil Shastri, son of Lal Bahadur Shastri; and Haranahalli Ramaswamy, former Law Minister, were present.

Dams in India and Karnataka

Dams in India and Karnataka:
Dams and water reservoirs is very important factor for any economy and Karnataka in South India region is very rich in this. Karnataka has many dams which is making india economy strong and better.
Dams in Karnataka is very popular serving the purpose of people of Karnataka and Bangalore. Karnataka is much enriched in terms Dams in South India.

Tourist attraction of Dams is growing every day. For example KRS dam is best example for attracting Tourist to the Dam Spot. BangaloreOrbit.com provides ver broad information for Dams in karnataka

There is List of dams and Reservoirs in Karnataka

  1. Almatti Dam
  2. Gajanur Dam
  3. Gundal Reservoir
  4. Harangi Dam
  5. Hidkal Dam
  6. Kadra Dam
  7. Kanakanala Dam
  8. Kanva reservoir
  9. Kodasalli Dam
  10. Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
  11. Lakkavalli Dam
  12. Linganamakki Dam
  13. Marconahally Dam
  14. Mari Kanive Dam
  15. Narihalla Dam
  16. Nugu Reservoir
  17. Sathanur Dam
  18. Supa Dam
  19. Suvarnavathi Reservoir
  20. Thippagondanahalli Reservoir
  21. Tunga Anicut Dam
  22. Tungabhadra Dam
  23. Vani Vilas Sagar Reservoir

By 2012, the country will see three new projects of 1,000 Mw and above. These are the Karcham Wantoo project (1,000 Mw) in Himachal Pradesh, the Tehri pump storage scheme of 1,000 Mw and the 2,000-Mw plant at Subansiri in Arunachal Pradesh.
Post independence we have made lots of progress in Dam and Water Reservoirs in india. Dams is basically used for Power generation, Water supply, Stabilize water flow / irrigation, Flood prevention, Land reclamation, Water diversion, Recreation and aquatic beauty. India is very rich is Dam and India is having some of the largest Dams and Reservoirs.
There are all the states in India where dams have been established but Karnataka is very rich in having most of dams and Reservoirs.  Dams in Karnataka is very popular serving the purpose of people of Karnataka and Bangalore. Karnataka is much enriched in terms Dams in South India.

Source of Dams in Karnataka

  1. Cauvery or Kaveri River: Kaveri river, also called Dakshina Ganga (the Ganges of the south), is one of the great and sacred rivers of India. It has many tributaries including Shimsa, Hemavati, Arkavathi, Kapila, Honnuhole, Lakshmana Tirtha, Kabini, Bhavani, Lokapavani, Noyyal and Amaravati. It is also considered sacred by the Hindus as water will purify all sin. The origin of river Kaveri is Talakaveri located in the Western Ghats in Coorg (Kodagu) district. Talakaveri is a famous pligrimage and tourist spot set amidst Bramahagiri Hills near Mercara (Madikeri) in Coorg (Kodagu)district of Karnataka. It flows south and east for around 765 km, emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
  2. Tungabhadra River: The Tungabhadra is a chief tributary of the Krishna River. The Tungabhadra is formed north of Shimoga at an elevatibn of about 610 metres by the union of twin rivers, the Tunga and the Bhadra, which rise in the eastern slope of the Western Ghats, in the state of Karnataka. The Tungabhadra flows east across the Deccan Plateau, joining the Krishna in Andhra Pradesh state, from where the Krishna continues east to empty into the Bay of Bengal.
  3. Krishna River: The Krishna River is one of the longest rivers of India. It originates at Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra, passes through Karnataka and meets the sea in the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh.
  4. Ghataprabha River: The Ghataprabha river rises in the Western Ghats and flows eastwards for a length of 283 km before joining the Krishna. The river debouches by 53 metres at Gokak Falls in Belgaum (Belagaavi) District.
  5. Malaprabha River: The river Malaprabha also rises in Western Ghats at an altitude of 792 metres in Belgaum (Belagaavi) district. The river flows first in easterly and then in north-easterly directions and joins the Krishna at Kudalasangama, about 304 km from its source.
  6. Bhima River: The river Bhima originates in the forest of Bhimashankar in Pune, and flows through the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. It flows for 861 km before joining the Krishna near Kudlu in Raichur taluk.
  7. Hemavati River: The river Hemavati rises in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1,219 metres and joins the river Kaveri near Krishnarajasagar.
  8. Kabini River: Kabini River is a tributary of river Kaveri, it originates in Wayanad District of Kerala state, south India from the confluence of the Panamaram and Mananthavady rivers, and flows eastward to join the Kaveri River at Tirumakudal Narasipur. The total length of the river is about 230 km.
  9. Sharavathi River: The Sharavathi is a river in India that originates at Ambuthirtha in Thirthahalli taluk, flows north-west through the Western Ghats forming the Jog Falls before joining the Arabian Sea at Honavara.